IJSSH-2021106

Jamaicans’ Perception on the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Vaccination

Paul Bourne, Kayann Codner, Hopiann Coombs, Kimberly Daley, Andreca Dixon, James Fallah Calvin Campbell, Clifton Foster, Caroline McLean, Dian Russell Parkes &Tabitha Muchee

Abstract

The Coronavirus pandemic has plagued Jamaica since its first case in March 2020. The establishment of the COVID-19 vaccination program a year later in March 2021 has been impeded by vaccine hesitancy. This study investigated the perceptions of Jamaicans on COVID-19 vaccination (negative/positive), the influence of their perception and to seek the presence of misinformation among these citizens regarding vaccination. A number of one thousand and eighty individuals participated in this study between September 21, 2021, to December 04, 2021. Convenience non-probability sampling was used to collect responses from participants in the population via a research questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using the IBMs Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to include cross tabulations which were displayed using tables. The results show that a slight majority of the respondents were not vaccinated against the Coronavirus, and most are not willing to get vaccinated for reasons including lack of information about the development of the vaccine and insufficient health care workers being a part of the inoculation process to their knowledge. The findings revealed that there is a statistical association between the two aforementioned variables (Jamaicans’ perception and COVID-19 vaccination). To determine the level of statistical significance a p value of 5 percent (two-tailed) was used. Majority of the sampled respondents do not believe the vaccine is safe. (χ2 critical =6.635 < χ2 obtained = 475.068, P = <0.001). The population presents insufficient knowledge, false perceptions, and barriers to COVID-19 vaccination.